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Workwear Terms Glossary

Your workwear has so many features, where do you begin? Click through the following terms and learn just what your workwear can do for you. From the material to the design, we’ve covered everything!

  • Acrylic

    Acrylic is a man-made fiber that provides softness and warmth with little weight and high durability. Acrylic's inherent properties allow it to hold brighter and more brilliant colors than its natural fiber counterparts.  (back to top)
  • Bluesign®

    Clothing with the Bluesign® emblem means that it was made to be environmentally friendly, to conserve resources, and to pose no health hazards. This is a good choice for someone who is environmentally conscientious.  (back to top)
  • Canvas

    This refers to a firm closely woven cloth usually of linen, hemp, or cotton used for clothing and formerly much used for tents and sails, straitjackets, and sandbags. Originally, it meant cloth woven from hemp fibers. People not in the business may call it duck cloth.  (back to top)
  • ColdGear

    A doublesided fabric that wicks away moisture from the skin and circulates body heat. UnderArmour recommends it for temperatures under 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Check out our warming line of Under Armour headwear and shirts.  (back to top)
  • CoolMax® Fabric Technology

    CoolMax® Fabric is a technology provided by Ariat that is moisture wicking and also helps to keep the skin cool. This technology is perfect for those hot summer work days.  (back to top)
  • Cordura

    Cordura is a nylon material that is very durable and comes in a range of thicknesses. It is breathable, has a rough texture, and becomes fuzzy through extended wear. It dries faster and weighs less than leather.  (back to top)
  • Cotton Duck

    Cotton Duck is a heavy canvas treated to make it water-resistant. You can find this material in a host of Carhartt Jackets and Cornerstone Work Jackets.  (back to top)
  • Dri-Fast

    A cotton and polyester blended fabric that pulls moisture away from the skin and accelerates evaporation to keep you cooler and drier.  (back to top)
  • Goose Down Insulation

    Goose Down Insulation is an insulation that uses premium goose down to give clothing the feeling of warmth, without weighing it down. This is perfect for those cold winter work days, especially when you don't want to feel weighed down.  (back to top)
  • Grosgrain

    Grosgrain is a a closely woven silk or rayon fabric with narrow horizontal ribs.  (back to top)
  • HeatGear

    HeatGear is a lightweight, quick-drying microfiber which expands, allowing moisture to bead off your body as you sweat. It's a signature technology in Under Armour Shirts.  (back to top)
  • Herringbone

    Herringbone is a twilled fabric with a herringbone pattern. This design is made up of rows of parallel lines, which in any two adjacent rows slope in opposite directions.  (back to top)
  • Hydrofil

    Hydrofil is a nylon fabric that moves moisture away from the body. Wear clothing with this material in order to stay feeling cool on those hot work days.  (back to top)
  • Jersey Knit

    This material shows an intermeshing of stitches in the same direction on the face and a series of semicircular loops on the back. Thus the two sides appear different. It is also used as a general term referring to any knit fabric without a distinct rib.  (back to top)
  • Lycra/Spandex

    Lycra/Spandex is an elastic yarn comprised of at least 85% segmented polyurethane, thus giving it the ability to stretch repeatedly and still recover to very near its original length and shape. It doesn't break down with exposure to body oils, perspiration, lotions, or detergents, so you can wash clothing with this material as often as needed.  (back to top)
  • Merino Wool

    Merino Wool is a man-made synthetic wool that is soft like sheep’s wool. It is moisture-wicking and lightweight. Merino wool will keep a person warm and dry without having that heavy and bulky feeling.  (back to top)
  • Nylon

    A very strong, versatile, hard wearing fiber. Socks made of nylon can be thin and silky or bulky and highly elastic. Nylon is often used with other fibers to give added stretch or to improve durability.  (back to top)
  • Nytek

    Nytek is a revolutionary alternative to leather. Offers advantages that leather simply cannot match. Specifically formed, high performance nylon microfibers are nearly indistinguishable from the collagen fibers of leather; yet are three times stronger with better abrasion resistance and water resistance.  (back to top)
  • Piece-Dyed

    This is a term used when the knitted cloth is dyed before being assembled into a finished product.  (back to top)
  • Polartec® Eco-Engineering

    If this logo appears on your Ariat workwear, than you can be sure that 50% of the material is recycled, which reduced materials being sent to landfills and helps to protect natural resources. This is a good choice for someone who is environmentally conscientious.  (back to top)
  • Polartec® Thermal Pro®

    Polartec® Thermal Pro® is a fleece material that helps to keep your body heat inside the clothing. This material will dry quickly and even if you get it wet, you will stay insulated.  (back to top)
  • Primaloft®

    Primaloft® is a Performance Insulation by Ariat that is water-resistant and lightweight. The fibers in this material work even when wet, so if you work outside rain or shine, you will stay dry the entire workday long.  (back to top)
  • Scuffgard

    Scuffgard is a treatment that helps to maintain the wear of the garment that is treated. It also helps to keep the garment water-repellent. Wear clothing with Scuffgard means you will be able to wear them for a long time, but stay dry while doing so.  (back to top)
  • Softshell Technology

    This technology from Ariat is bonded stretch-nylon that is combined with a fleece backing to the shell. The backing wicks away moisture and adds insulation, while the nylon makes the material weather resistant and breathable. Softshell Technology is perfect for any working person.  (back to top)
  • Carhartt Linings


    • Arctic Quilt- The warmest lining Carhartt offers. Easy to slide on and off nylon taffeta quilted to a layer of high loft polyester batting. It provides maximum warmth in extremely cold conditions.

    • Quilted Flannel- 100% brushed polyester tricot quilted to polyester batting provides softness with superior warmth without layering.

    • Blanket- Non-bulky acrylic/polyester blended to provide a layer of warmth on brisk days.

    • Mid-Weight Quilt- Durable, smooth nylon taffeta with resilient polyester batting delivers warmth without bulk for outer layering in moderate conditions.

    • Thermal- 100% polyester raschel knit adds an extra layer of comfort and warmth for cool weather.

    "  (back to top)
  • Glove Construction

    • Clute Cut- Offers a seamless palm area with parallel seams on back. Finger seams are closer to the working area.

    • Gunn Cut- Has no seams on the back but has a seam at the base of the middle fingers. Finger seams are further from the working area.

    • Reversible Pattern- Allows glove to be worn by either hand since the thumb is situated perfectly on the side of the glove.

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  • Glove Cuffs

    • Knit Wrist- Designed to fit snugly.

    • Safety Cuff- General purpose, 2 1/2"" cuff.

    • Gauntlet Cuff- Extra protection, 41/2"" cuff.

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  • Glove Thumbs

    • Keystone Thumb- Conforms to the natural shape and position of the thumb, resulting in superior movement and comfort.

    • Wing Thumb- Angled construction allows good flexibility with no seams on the palm side to obstruct work or wear out.

    • Staight Thumb- Basic design that points vertically and is good for gripping.

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  • Glove Welting

    A thin piece of leather sewn into the seam of the glove to protect threads against sparks and abrasion.  (back to top)
  • Good Condition per WPS

    Items returned to Working Person's Store for an exchange or credit must be in its original packaging, if applicable, with its original tags.  (back to top)
  • Hollofil II

    DuPont's patented blend of four-hole fibers allows Hollofil® II to provide greater warmth without added weight. Hollofil® II is designed to be compact and soft, yet resilient and refluffable. DuPont Hollofil® II provides: increased warmth through four-hole fibers that trap more air, softer insulation that conforms to body shape for greater comfort, and machine washability/dryability, along with being non-allergenic.  (back to top)
  • Hyper-Dri

    Hyper-Dri is a 100% waterproof barrier that allows perspiration to escape. Hyper-Dri material allows water vapor to be absorbed into the material and then diffuses it across the barrier with evaporation on the opposite side. Feet stay dry and comfortable all-day long.  (back to top)
  • Outlast

    Outlast Temperature Regulating Fibers minimize the reliance on trapped air for insulating. Instead, micro-thermal materials absorb, store, distribute and release heat in response to the body's comfort needs. This minimizes changes in thermal comfort by neutralizing uncomfortable and potentially dangerous temperature extremes, regardless of the outside environment. Outlast refers to a lining that continuously interacts with the unique microclimate of the human body and the environment to moderate temperature from being too hot or too cold to being just right. It will keep individuals comfortable by absorbing body heat when too much is created, thereby diminishing the amount of moisture in their clothing. The clothing essentially stays drier and maintains its effectiveness. Outlast garments will release stored heat back to the body when it begins to chill.  (back to top)
  • Polartec®

    This 100% polyester velour construction creates air pockets that trap air and retain body heat. Unlike less expensive fleece fabrics, Polartec® Classics maintain their insulating ability and non-pilling appearance after repeated laundering. These fabrics are available in a range of weights to provide the right level of insulation for most outdoor activities. You can find Polartec in products by Cold Avenger.  (back to top)
  • Polyester & Stretch Polyester

    Two hydrophobic (moisture repelling) fibers that are known for their durability and are extremely colorfast for vivid coloration.  (back to top)
  • Polyurethane

    Polyurethane consists of two components: polyol and isocyanate. The two components have to be mixed together at a temperature of approx. 50°C (122°F). The consequence is a foaming reaction resulting in polyurethane material. The foamed structure contains tiny air bubbles which explains why polyurethane boots are much lighter (40% on average) than traditional PVC or rubber boots. Air is known to be the best isolator. That is why polyurethanes were originally used as isolation material for roofs! With polyurethane boots your feet will be warm in winter time. Whereas in summer, the breathing properties of the material, will prevent your feet from heavy perspiration. In addition the material remains flexible, even at extreme temperatures of - 30° C, when rubber and PVC tend to break.  (back to top)
  • Stretch Nylon

    Nylon strands that are air-entangled or crimped to provide elasticity. It is used to achieve stretch and recovery in garments.  (back to top)
  • Stretch Sock

    A sock knit, in part, with yarns that have the ability to stretch and recover. This enables the sock to fit a range of shoe sizes. They will be sized as 2S, XS, SM, MS, MD, LG, XL, or XXL.  (back to top)
  • Thermolite®

    A lightweight fabric providing breathability and warmth while moving moisture from the body by combining a thermally-efficient polymer and micro-sized hollow core fibers that heat up quickly and retain warmth.  (back to top)
  • Angled Glove Construction

    Angled Glove Construction allows for exceptional flexibility with no seams in the palm area to obstruct work or cause fatigue, keeping the hands comfortable while working.

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  • Anti-Ocular Intrusion System

    The Anti-Ocular Intrusion System is a technology used by Native Sunglasses to prevent your lenses from shooting toward your eyes in the event of a high-velocity impact.

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  • Birdseye Fabric

    Birdseye fabric is a fabric characterized by a small geometric pattern with a center dot resembling a bird's eye.  (back to top)
  • Blue Ice Tint Lens

    Blue Ice Tint Lenses use a multi-coat Z-Oxide mirror surface over neutral slate lenses. It diminishes glare by absorbing reflection across the mirrored surface. In snow it counteracts the white with a light transmission of 7.19%, but distorts other colors.  (back to top)
  • Blue Lunar Mirror Tint Lens

    Blue Lunar Mirror Tint Lenses are an everyday lens tint with blue mirror coating over a neutral slate lens. Blue lunar mirror increases the visual contrast of regular neutral slate lenses offering heightened detail in both bright sunlight and lower light conditions. It's good for sight fishing. Light transmission is equal to 10.02%.  (back to top)
  • Brown Tint Lens

    Brown Tint Lenses offer very high contrast and depth perception, but it distorts color. It's good for object definition in hazy sun and for high-glare sports like skiing, fishing, or sailing.  (back to top)
  • Choil

    Choli is a cut out, molded, or formed area where a knife handle and blade meet. This positions and guards the index finger while gripping the opened knife.  (back to top)
  • Clarino Fibers

    Clarino Fibers are thousands of times finer than silk. Ultra-fine fibers are more flexible and move freely within the spaces of the fabric. This synthetic leather repels wind, water, stains, and mildew. It can be dry cleaned or machine washed, and is featured in many of our Mechanix Gloves and Ironclad Gloves.  (back to top)
  • Contourgrip

    Ironclad's's proprietary palm pattern used on all Impact Series gloves. Jointed 3D palm geometry gives a solid, comfortable grip on tools, while 100% silicone pads deflect impact forces away from your hand.  (back to top)
  • Convertible Collar

    A convertible collar designed to be worn with the neck button either fastened or unfastened.  (back to top)
  • Cowhide

    Cowhide is a type of leather very consistent in quality and weight with a flexibility in finishes. It's the most common garment leather. Cowhide also resists water and dirt.  (back to top)
  • Crafter Fleece

    Crafter Fleece is a polyester material used by Helly Hansen that allows conservation of body heat while allowing perspiration to pass through.  (back to top)
  • Crimson Red Lenses

    Crimson Red lenses combine a Z-Oxide mirror over neutral slate lenses. They diminishe glare by absorbing reflection across the mirror face. These lenses are ideal for most activities where glare is a major factor. Light transmission: 20.09% Best for computer eyestrain, but causes color distortion.  (back to top)
  • Deboss

    Deboss means to indent a figure or design into a surface.  (back to top)
  • Deerskin

    Deerskin is recognized for its long-term wearability and non-slip grip. Caiman Gloves uses this material in many of their Work Gloves.  (back to top)
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  • Dungarees

    The term "dungaree" is associated with a coarse undyed calico (cotton) fabric that was produced and sold in a region near Dongari Killa (also called Fort George) in Bombay (now Mumbai) in India. You can find great work dungarees in our Carhartt Pants section.l  (back to top)
  • Enzyme Wash/Sea Washed

    Enzyme Wash/Sea Washed is a fabric softening process that gives a soft hand to fabric and wears the color down very slightly. It doesn't have a washed-out look like pigment dying.  (back to top)
  • Fabric Finishing

    Fabric finishing is a process through which fibers, yarns, and fabrics are passed to improve their appearance, feel, and/or performance in preparation for their end use.  (back to top)
  • Fleece

    Fleece is a soft, bulky deep-piled knitted or woven fabric used for clothing. This provides air space giving good insulating properties without too much weight. Compared to plain cotton or wool, fleece dries more quickly, provides greater warmth at less weight, and is very breathable. Fleece has the ability to wick moisture away from the skin. You'll discover loads of this material in our Carhartt Sweatshirts, Under Armour Seatshirts, and Polar King Jackets sections, among others.  (back to top)
  • Garment-Washed

    Garment-washing is a wash process where softeners are added to finished garments to help the cotton fibers relax or bloom. The result is a fabric with a thicker appearance, reduced shrinkage, and a softer feel.  (back to top)
  • Gauntlet

    Gauntlet refers to the small placket on the arm of a woven sport shirt to create more ease of movement.  (back to top)
  • Gorilla Grip

    Gorilla Grip is a rubber-coated synthetic leather that provides excellent grip on all surfaces, even when wet or oily. Gorilla Grip is durable, flexible, and washable.  (back to top)
  • Gradient Tint Lenses

    Gradient Tint Lenses permanently shaded from top to bottom or from top and bottom toward the middle. There are single gradient lenses (dark on top and lighter on the bottom) and double gradient lenses (dark on top and bottom and lighter in the middle). The single gradient lenses are useful for driving because they reduce glare while allowing you to see clearly, but are not good for sports. Double gradient lenses are the opposite; they are better for sports where light reflects up off the water or snow, but not for driving because they make the dashboard appear dim. Tinting has little to no effect on UV protection.  (back to top)
  • Indura

    Indura is a fabric by Westex are a blend of 88% cotton and 12% high tenacity nylon. The nylon fibers are intimately blended with cotton fibers in the warp yarns. These fibers are spun using ring-spinning technology to produce the highest strength fabric possible. The product is engineered to focus the abrasion resistance of the nylon on the face of the fabric to enhance garment wear life, while the cotton fibers are focused towards the skin to optimize comfort. The fabrics are fully flame-resistant. You'll find flame-resistant apparel by brand names such as National Safety Apparel and Key Clothing.  (back to top)
  • Interlock Fabric

    Interlock Fabric has a double knit construction, which makes this a thicker knit fabric. Similar to a Jersey knit except both front and back of the fabric look identical. Interlock is the tightest weave, gives the smoothest surface, and the finest hand.  (back to top)
  • Light Rust Lenses

    Light Rust Lenses filter out blue light waves which are the chief components of glare and haze. They provide contrast enhancements in medium to low light conditions, so they're especially effective on hazy or overcast roads. Light transmission: 53.23%  (back to top)
  • Melton Wool

    Melton Wool is a thick to medium thick tightly woven wool with heavily brushed nap giving the fabric a smooth finish with no warp or weft yarns visible.  (back to top)
  • Mercerization

    Mercerization is a treatment for cotton that swells the fiber and gives it luster or shine. It slightly pre-shrinks the yarn and makes it stronger.  (back to top)
  • Microfibers

    Microfibers are half the diameter of a fine silk fiber, one-third the diameter of cotton, one-quarter the diameter of fine wool, and one hundred times finer than human hair. Generally stronger and more breathable than regular fabrics.  (back to top)
  • Microweld

    Microweld is a process using a specially developed monofilament thread designed to fuse into a garment. It uses microwaves to create a molecular bond that is actually stronger than the original fabric and will not split or leak. This is commonly used with waterproof Helly Hansen Rain Gear.  (back to top)
  • Mohair

    Mohair is the long, silky hair of the Angora goat, 2 1/2 times stronger than wool but lighter in weight, has a smoother surface, and can stretch and come back up to 30%.  (back to top)
  • Moose Hide

    Moose Hide is heavier than deerskin and has a soft, buttery feel. Any scars or scratches are natural characteristics of the wild moose. You sometimes find it used in Minnetonka Moccasins.  (back to top)
  • Mulling

    Mulling is a process that leads to softer, more pliable leather.  (back to top)
  • Nautex

    Nautex is a synthetic fiber that is exclusive to Nautica. Sheared on both front and back to eliminate pilling, this performance fabric will keep you warm while wicking away perspiration. This dense knit is also 'hydrothermal'. It will retain body heat if it becomes saturated.  (back to top)
  • Neutral Slate Lenses

    Neutral Slate Lenses are good for general purpose use. These lenses will provide maximum glare reduction without distorting colors. Ideal for most activities and sports where glare is a major factor. Light transmission: 20.23%.  (back to top)
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